Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth (SIBO)


What is SIBO?

Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth (SIBO) is a condition where there is an excessive amount of bacteria in the small intestine, disrupting its normal function and leading to symptoms such as bloating and diarrhea.


Who’s at Risk for SIBO?

SIBO is more common in older adults, people with diseases that affect the muscles in the small intestine, and individuals who have had bowel surgery.


What Causes SIBO?

SIBO is typically caused by problems with the small intestine's movements, such as slow transit or anatomical abnormalities, leading to a buildup of bacteria.


How Does SIBO Start?

SIBO often starts with mild discomfort and changes in bowel movements, which can progressively worsen over time.


What Are the Symptoms of SIBO?

Symptoms of SIBO can include bloating, diarrhea, abdominal pain, nausea, and weight loss.


How is SIBO Diagnosed?

SIBO is usually diagnosed with a hydrogen breath test, which measures the amount of hydrogen and methane that you exhale after drinking a sugar solution.


How Can SIBO be Treated?

Treatment for SIBO typically involves antibiotics to reduce the bacteria in your small intestine, changes in your diet, and treating any underlying conditions.


What Complications May Occur with SIBO?

Complications of SIBO can include malnutrition due to poor absorption of nutrients, vitamin deficiencies, and damage to the lining of the small intestine.


How Can I Prevent SIBO?

Preventing SIBO involves managing the conditions that put you at risk, like diabetes and gastrointestinal disorders. Regular exercise and a balanced diet can also help maintain healthy gut motility.


Long-term Management of SIBO

Long-term management of SIBO involves sticking to dietary recommendations, taking prescribed medications, and regular follow-up with your healthcare provider.


What is Recent Research Saying About SIBO?

Recent research on SIBO is focusing on understanding the role of the gut microbiome in health and disease, developing new diagnostic methods, and identifying effective treatments.


Where Can I Go For More Information on SIBO?

For more information on SIBO, visit reputable health websites like the American Gastroenterological Association, Mayo Clinic, or the International Foundation for Gastrointestinal Disorders.