What is a Seizure?

A seizure is a sudden, uncontrolled electrical disturbance in the brain that can cause changes in behavior, movements, feelings, or levels of consciousness.

Who’s at Risk for Seizures?

Seizures can occur at any age but are most common in young children and older adults. Factors such as a history of head injuries, stroke, brain tumors, or certain genetic disorders can increase the risk.

What Causes Seizures?

Seizures can be caused by various conditions that affect the brain, such as epilepsy, high fever (in children), certain medications or drugs, and brain conditions like tumors or strokes.

How Does a Seizure Start?

Seizures start when there's a sudden burst of electrical activity in the brain, disrupting the normal communication between brain cells.

What Are the Symptoms of a Seizure?

Symptoms can vary greatly but may include temporary confusion, uncontrollable jerking movements, loss of consciousness or awareness, and psychic symptoms such as fear or déjà vu.

How is a Seizure Diagnosed?

Diagnosis involves a thorough medical history, neurological examination, and various tests such as electroencephalogram (EEG) and imaging scans like MRI or CT.

How Can a Seizure be Treated?

Treatment depends on the underlying cause but often involves anti-seizure medications. In some cases, surgery, nerve stimulation, or dietary changes may be recommended.

What Complications May Occur with Seizures?

Complications can include falling and injury during a seizure, status epilepticus (prolonged seizures), and sudden unexplained death in epilepsy (SUDEP).

How Can I Prevent Seizures?

While not all seizures can be prevented, maintaining a healthy lifestyle, taking prescribed medications regularly, and avoiding triggers can reduce the likelihood of seizures.

Long-term Management of Seizures

Long-term management involves regular medical check-ups, adherence to prescribed medication regimens, and lifestyle modifications such as adequate sleep and stress management.

What is Recent Research Saying About Seizures?

Recent research is focusing on new anti-seizure medications, surgical techniques, deep brain stimulation, and better understanding of the genetic and molecular mechanisms behind seizures.

Where Can I Go For More Information on Seizures?

For more information on seizures, visit reputable health websites like the Epilepsy Foundation, the Mayo Clinic, or the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke.